Types of Music and Instruments Used in Class

Bands are said to have originated in Germany around the 15th century, using mainly bassoons and oboes. In the late 18th century, Janissary (Turkish) music became popular featuring instruments such as triangles, flutes, cymbals, and large drums. Also, during this time the number of musicians playing in a band grew. In 1838, a band of 200 drummers and 1,000 wind instrument musicians performed for the Russian emperor in Berlin.

Coltrane’s influence is one of the most extraordinary in jazz. He started his career modestly, trying to imitate Charlie Parker. In the 1950s, he found wider exposure through his performances with Miles Davis and Thelonious Monk. It wasn’t until 1959, however, that it seemed Coltrane was actually thinking about something. The piece “Giant Steps,” on the album of brothers in arms band the same name, features a harmonic structure he discovered that sounds like nothing before it. He entered a period marked by linear melodic dismissals, ferocious technique, and layered harmonies. In the mid-1960s, he abandoned rigid structures for intense, free improvisation.

Optional movements include air, bourree (lively dance), gavotte (fairly fast dance), minuet, polonaise, and prelude.

Typical Lessons and Key Concepts Learned

1846 – Adolphe Sax obtained a patent for his saxophone which had 14 variations. Among them are E flat sopranino, F sopranino, B flat soprano, C soprano, E flat alto, F alto, B flat tenor, C tenor, E flat baritone, B flat bass, C bass, E flat contrabass and F contrabass.

Jazz stars emerged in the bebop era, among them trumpeters Clifford Brown, Freddie Hubbard and Miles Davis, saxophonists Dexter Gordon, Art Pepper, Johnny Griffin, Pepper Adams, Sonny Stitt and John Coltrane, and trombonist JJ Johnson.

Zoltan Kodaly Quotes
The word “band” is also used to describe a group of people performing together such as a dance band. It can also be used to describe special instruments played by groups such as brass bands.

Bun B’s third solo album, Trill OG, became the first album in five years to receive Source magazine’s 5-mic award.

Part of the Saxophone
In the 1500s, the simplicity of earlier madrigals gave way to more complex forms, using 4 to 6 voice parts. Claudio Monteverdi is one of the leading Italian madga composers.
1842 – Adolphe Sax goes to Paris. On June 12, Hector Berlioz published an article in the Paris magazine “Journal des Debats” describing the saxophone.

Richard Strauss was influenced by Wagner’s works. He wrote symphonic poetry and opera and was known for his lavish, sometimes shocking, scenes in his operas.

The dixieland style involves collective improvisation in the first chorus, with the musicians entering solos along with riffing from the wind instruments, followed by an ensemble closing, usually the drummer playing a 4-bar tag that ends with the entire band. Unlike other styles of jazz music, the set of songs for Dixieland musicians was somewhat limited, but offered endless variations in sound models, developed around the 1910s.

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