Patios and tarmacing are popular outdoor surface options, each serving distinct purposes.
- Patios are outdoor spaces typically constructed adjacent to a house or in a garden for various recreational and social purposes. They offer a versatile and aesthetically pleasing relaxation, entertainment, and outdoor dining area.
Planning and Design:
- Regulate the determination and size of your patio.
- Choose a location that receives adequate sunlight and consider factors like access from the house and landscaping.
- Design the shape, layout, and materials you want to use.
- Clear the area of debris, rocks and vegetation.
- Excavate the soil to a depth of around 6-8 inches to accommodate the base and pavers.
- Lay a base material like crushed stone or gravel to ensure proper drainage and prevent settling.
- Compact the base material using a compactor machine.
- Install edge restraints (typically made of plastic, metal, or concrete) to keep the pavers in place.
- Add a layer of sand over the compacted base.
- Level the sand to create a smooth surface for the pavers.
- Lay the pavers according to your design, leaving small gaps (usually about 1/8 inch) between them for proper drainage.
- Use a rubber mallet to confirm they are equal.
Edging and Border:
- Install any desired border or edging stones to create a finished look.
- Add any final touches, such as outdoor furniture, lighting, or landscaping.
- Regularly sweep and wash the patio to keep it clean.
- Consider sealing the pavers to protect them from stains and weathering.
Tarmacing (Asphalt Paving):
- Tarmacing, or asphalt paving, involves creating a smooth and durable surface primarily used for driveways, roadways, parking lots, and other high-traffic areas. It provides a stable and weather-resistant surface for vehicles and foot traffic.
- Clear the area of any debris, vegetation, and obstacles.
- Ensure proper grading for water drainage.
- Excavate the soil to the desired depth, usually 4-8 inches.
- Compact the subgrade to provide a stable base.
Installation of Aggregate Base:
- Add and compact a layer of crushed stone or aggregate as a base.
- The thickness of the base layer depends on the specific project requirements.
- Install edge restraints (usually made of metal) to contain the asphalt.
Binder and Surface Course:
- Apply a binder layer of asphalt, followed by a surface course.
- The thickness of each layer depends on the intended use and local regulations.
- Use heavy equipment like rollers to compact each layer thoroughly.
- Proper compaction ensures a durable and smooth surface.
Finishing and Edging:
- Smooth out the surface with a finishing machine.
- Create proper edges and transitions where needed.
- Allow the asphalt to cure for several days before heavy use.
Striping and Marking:
- If it’s a roadway or parking lot, apply striping and markings as required.
- Regularly inspect for cracks and potholes and repair as needed.
- Consider seal coating every few years to protect the surface.
What is the best time to get patios and tarmacing service?
Here are some considerations for timing your patio and Tarmacing projects:
Spring and summer are typically the most popular seasons for patio and tarmacing projects in many regions. The warm and dry weather allows for optimal conditions for construction and curing.
Fall: Early fall can also be a good time for such projects, especially in areas with mild climates. Contractors may have more availability during this season, and you can enjoy your new patio or driveway before winter.
Avoiding Extreme Weather:
Avoiding these projects during extreme weather conditions such as heavy rain, snow, or freezing temperatures is generally best. Extreme weather can interfere with the installation and curing processes.
Many homeowners tend to plan their outdoor projects well in advance. Contacting contractors during the offseason or early spring can help secure a spot in their schedule.
Consider your local climate and weather patterns. In regions with harsh winters, it’s essential to complete outdoor projects before the onset of winter to prevent damage from freezing and thawing cycles.
Permitting and Approval Time:
Remember that obtaining necessary permits and approvals from local authorities can take time. Plan your project timeline accordingly.
Consider your schedule and any events or gatherings you might have planned. You may want to time the project to be completed before a special occasion or holiday.
Prices for materials and labour may vary throughout the year. Request quotes and compare costs to ensure your project aligns with your budget.
Landscaping and Planting:
If your project involves landscaping or planting around your patio or driveway, consider the best time for planting based on the types of plants you intend to use. This may influence your project timing.